Saint Helen was the mother of Saint Contantine the Great, and was probably
born at Drepanum (Helenopolis) in Asia Minor to parents of humble means. She married Constantius Chlorus, and their son Constantine
was born in 274. Constantius divorced her in 294 in order to further his political ambition by marrying a woman of noble rank.
After he became emperor, Constantine showed his mother great honor and respect, granting her the imperial title “Augusta.”
After Constantine became the sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire, he issued
the Edict of Milan in 313 which guaranteed religious tolerance for Christians. Saint Helen, who was a Christian, may have
influenced him in this decision. In 323, when he became the sole ruler of the entire Roman Empire, he extended the provisions
of the Edict of Milan to the Eastern half of the Empire. After three hundred years of persecution, Christians could finally
practice their faith without fear.
The emperor deeply revered
the victory-bearing Sign of the Cross of the Lord, and also wanted to find the actual Cross upon which our Lord Jesus Christ
was crucified. For this purpose he sent his own mother, the holy Empress Helen, to Jerusalem, granting her both power and
money. Patriarch Macarius of Jerusalem and Saint Helen began the search, and through the will of God, the Life-Creating Cross
was miraculously discovered in 326. (The account of the finding of the Cross of the Lord is found under the Feast of the Exaltation
of the Cross, September 14). The Orthodox Church commemorates the Uncovering of the Precious Cross and the Precious Nails
by the Holy Empress Helen on March 6.
While in Palestine, the
holy empress did much of benefit for the Church. She ordered that all places connected with the earthly life of the Lord and
His All-Pure Mother, should be freed of all traces of paganism, and she commanded that churches should be built at these places.
The emperor Constantine ordered a magnificent church in honor of Christ’s
Resurrection to be built over His tomb. Saint Helen gave the Life-Creating Cross to the Patriarch for safe-keeping, and took
part of the Cross with her for the emperor. After distributing generous alms at Jerusalem and feeding the needy (at times
she even served them herself), the holy Empress Helen returned to Constantinople, where she died in the year 327.
Because of her great services to the Church and her efforts in finding the Life-Creating
Cross, the empress Helen is called “the Equal of the Apostles.”